Uluru, Northern Territory, Australia

One of the most amazing rock formations in the world can be found in the Northern Territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia.

This iconic rock is also known as “Ayers Rock” and is considered to be sacred to the local aboriginal people known as the “Pitjantjatjara.” Countless ancient paintings can be found decorating it.

This fascinating natural landmark has been chosen as one of the 7 Wonders of Australia and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the region.

Uluru fun facts
Close view of the rock formation / Pixabay

It has been visited by millions of people since the 1930s, including some of the world’s most famous people in the world, including Prince Charles and Princess Diana for a photoshoot in 1983.

The enormous monolith is part of the Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa National Park which covers a total area of about 1,326 square kilometers (512 square miles). Another famous attraction in this park is another rock formation named Kata Tjuta, also known as “The Olgas.”

The most famous attraction of this National Park has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1987 because of both its amazing features and cultural significance to the local aboriginal people.

Interesting things to know about Uluru

The rock formation stands 348 meters (1,142 feet) above the ground and reaches a total elevation of 863 meters (2,831 feet) above sea level.

Ayers rock facts

The largest town in the area is called “Alice Springs” and is located 335 kilometers (208 miles) to the southeast of Ayers Rock.

The name of this particular type of rock formation is an “inselberg” or “monadnock,” which means a “mountain island.” It can be referred to as a “monolith” as well but this is not its official definition.

Uluru surface detail
Detail of the surface of Uluru / Peter Jones / https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/deed.en

The rock formation consists mostly of coarse-grained arkose, a sedimentary type of rock that consists of 50% of feldspar, a rock-forming type of mineral. The other 50% is divided between quartz and other rock fragments.

It’s assumed that the formation of this remarkable feat of nature started between 550 and 530 million years ago.

The color of the immense rock changes during the day. The most fascinating times of the day to visit Uluru are at dawn or sunset because then the formation turns bright red.

Uluru bright red
Uluru as it appears to be bright red / Pixabay