This famous building has been dominating the Chicago skyline for nearly a century, and in this post, you’ll discover the ultimate list of Tribune Tower facts, one of the most iconic skyscrapers ever constructed!
1. It was built in the 1920s
The Roaring Twenties as they are called were a time of innovation, especially when it comes to architecture. Numerous skyscrapers were constructed in this period, culminating in a “race to the sky” with the Chrysler Building and the Empire State Building in New York City fighting to become the tallest building in the world.
They both achieved this goal, even though the Chrysler Building was just for 11 months.
This fictional competition raging in New York overshadowed some other notable events, including the construction of one of the most iconic skyscrapers in Chicago, the Tribune Tower, which was constructed between 1923 and 1925.
2. It used to be the headquarters of a famous publishing company
The reason it was constructed as to house the new headquarters of the Chicago Tribune, one of the major newspapers in the city which was about to celebrate their 75 years of existence in 1922.
The building also housed the main offices of Tribune Media and Tribune Publishing and was used by WGN Radio to broadcast until June 2018, after which they moved to 303 Wacker Drive.
3. A massive design competition was organized for its design
In order to find a fitting design for their new home, the Chicago Tribune organized an architectural design competition. The winning design was to receive $100,000 and the runner-up $50,000, not a shabby amount by any means at the time.
It turned out to be a huge success because over 260 designs were submitted by architectural firms from all around the world, including Mexico, Cuba, Luxembourg, and Australia!
4. It was a huge event in American architectural history
Because of the international nature of the competition, it turned out to be much more than just another architectural contest. It became one of the most influential events in architectural history!
It shaped the way architects from all around the world thought about designing skyscrapers and had a profound influence on numerous skylines of big cities in the modern age!
Quite something, isn’t it?
5. The most influential design didn’t win the competition
One of the most fascinating Tribune Tower facts is that the actual winning design didn’t turn out to become the most influential building. This honor was reserved for the so-called “Saarinen tower” designed by Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen.
His design won the second prize but managed to become the main influence of dozens of other famous skyscrapers, including the Daily News Building in New York, the Fisher Building in Detroit, and the Russ Building in San Francisco!
You surely recognize this design from somewhere, right?
6. It’s inspired by a famous skyscraper in New York City
The actual winning design was submitted by two architects from New York named John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood. They used a neo-Gothic design which was inspired by a famous building in their hometown.
Howells and Hood got the inspiration for their design from the Woolworth Building, a famous skyscraper in New York that was completed in the year 1913.
7. Hood worked on another famous project in New York a decade later
Raymond Hood managed to become the leading architect on another massive project a decade later. If you look closely at the buildings of Rockefeller Center, it’s clear you can see a resemblance!
Rockefeller Center would turn out to become one of the only major construction projects that were completed during the Great Depression and is still an important landmark in New York today!
8. How tall is the Tribune Tower?
The Tribune Tower is far from the tallest building in Chicago. It only has 36 floors and the top floor is located at a height of 462 feet (141 meters) while the roof is located at a height of 470 feet (140 meters).
The architectural height, up to the antenna spire, reaches a height of 496 feet (151 meters).
9. Its most prominent feature is best visible at night
The tower is heavily decorated with amazing sculptures and fabulous buttresses at the top. The elaborate elements aren’t too visible from the ground level and really shine as they are lit at night!
10. The decorations near the entrance are a reference to the tower’s architects
One of the most amazing Tribune Tower facts is that there it’s decorated with numerous sculptures, especially near the entrance which really makes the neo-Gothic style of the building come out.
Two of these sculptures are a reference to the main architects as there are sculptures of Robin Hood (Hood) and of a howling dog (Howells).
11. The top of the tower was inspired by a French cathedral
While the overall design of the building was created in the neo-Gothic architectural style, the top section of the tower was inspired by a specific tower of a cathedral in France.
It’s noted that the top was inspired by the “Tour de Beurre” (Butter Tower) of the Rouen Cathedral in France, or possibly the “Tower of Malines” in Belgium. Both these towers are attached to a cathedral.
12. Fragments of numerous famous buildings were incorporated in the structure
One of the coolest Tribune Tower facts is that stones from numerous famous buildings all across the globe are embedded into its structure. These stones can be seen at the lower levels of the tower with an explanation as to where they came from.
Some of the most notable stones were extracted from:
- St. Stephen’s Cathedral
- Trondheim Cathedral
- Taj Mahal
- Clementine Hall
- the Parthenon
- Hagia Sophia
- Palace of Westminster
- the Great Pyramid of Giza
- The Alamo
- Notre Dame
- Abraham Lincoln’s Tomb
- the Great Wall of China
- Independence Hall
- Angkor Wat
- Chillon Castle
- Wawel Castle
- Edinburgh Castle
- Westminster Abbey
- Rouen Cathedral’s Butter Tower
There are about 150 fragments of monuments and famous buildings embedded into the Tribune Tower from all across the globe!
Pretty fascinating, isn’t it?
13. The building has inspired structures in Australia as well
To say that the Tribune Tower was an influential building is an understatement. It hasn’t just inspired dozens of designs in the United States, it also inspired several buildings all across the world.
Two of the most notable are located in Australia, the Manchester Unity Building in Melbourne, and the Grace Building in Sydney. Both these buildings were completed in the 1930s.
14. The Tribune Tower was featured in a popular movie
Just like many other famous landmarks, the Tribune Tower has been featured in a movie. And not just any movie, it was featured in the blockbuster “Transformers: Dark of the Moon.”
In the scene it was featured, snipers are shooting out of the windows of the Tribune Tower, just below the buttresses near the top of the building on the 26th floor.
15. It’s possible to live in the Tribune Tower!
Did you know that the Tribune Tower has been seriously renovated between 2018 and 2020 and that the spaces have been transformed into condos and penthouses?
Yes, that means that you can actually live in the Tribune Tower!
You’re going to have to pay some serious money though because prices range from $700,000 for small condos and up to $8 million for penthouses that occupy entire floors!
Living in a building that has fragments of 150 of the most famous landmarks in the world integrated into it sounds pretty cool, doesn’t it?
This concludes the ultimate list of Tribune Tower facts, one of the most famous skyscrapers in the world and an iconic building in the Chicago skyline!