Did you know that the highest and most famous mountain in Canada was named after a Canadian Geologist?
In this post, you’ll discover the ultimate list of facts about Mount Logan, one of the most amazing mountains in the world!
1. Mount Logan is the tallest mountain in Canada
Mount Logan stands 5,959 meters (19,551 feet), which makes it the tallest mountain in Canada.
This makes it nearly 500 meters taller than the second-highest mountain in Canada, Mount Saint Elias (5489 meters / 18,009 feet), and over 700 meters taller than the third-highest in the country, Mount Lucania (5260 meters / 17,257 feet).
2. It’s the second-highest mountain in North America
One of the most amazing facts about Mount Logan is that there’s only one mountain taller in all of North America as well. Only a mountain named “Denali” is taller with a height of 6,190 meters (20,310 feet).
Denali is located In the Alaska Mountain Range in the interior of the U.S. state of Alaska.
3. Mount Logan is located near the border with Alaska
The mountain is located in southwestern Yukon, the westernmost and least populated territory of Canada with a population of fewer than 40,000 people. Needless to say that it’s a very mountainous region.
Mount Logan is located just 40 kilometers (25 miles) north of the Yukon-Alaska border and in the Saint Elias mountain range.
4. It’s located within a National Park
Mount Logan is part of the “Kluane National Park and Reserve,” a national park covering an area of 22,013 square kilometers (8,499 square miles).
This park is nearly completely covered with mountains and awesome glaciers as they make up about 83% of the entire park.
5. Mount Logan is the source of two massive glaciers
Since the mountain is one of the largest elements in the park, it feeds two massive glaciers as well. These glaciers are called the “Hubbard” and “Logan” Glaciers.
The Logan Glacier, which was named after Mount Logan, runs down the north slope of the mountain along the Canada-United States border and eventually flows into the Chitina River.
6. The mountain holds a pretty astounding record
Mount Logan is huge. This is emphasized by the astounding record it holds.
One of the most amazing facts about Mount Logan is that it has the largest base circumference of any non-volcanic mountain in the world. Its massif consists of 11 peaks that are higher than 5,000 meters (16,400 feet).
7. The exact height of Mount Logan was only determined in 1992
Before 1992, the exact height of Mount Logan was only an estimate, ranging between 5,959 and 6,050 meters (19,551 and 19,849 feet).
On June 6, 1992, an expedition with experienced climbers of the Geological Survey of Canada (GSC) made the final push to reach the top and used GPS to determine the exact height of the mountain, which was set at 5,959 meters (19,551 feet).
8. Mount Logan’s height will rise in the future
One of the most fascinating facts about Mount Logan is that its height isn’t fixed as it’s still rising. This rise is caused by tectonic movements which push the mountain further upward.
This means that ongoing GPS research will have to be conducted to keep the exact height of Mount Logan up to date!
9. The temperatures on the mountain are extremely cold
The conditions on the mountain are extremely harsh. In the winter, the temperature can go down to −45 °C (−49 °F) and it still freezes in the summer as well.
The average temperature over the year is just −27 °C (−17 °F). This also means that Mount Logan has a permanent ice cap that is extremely thick and can reach up to 300 meters (980 feet) in certain areas.
10. The first ascent of Mount Logan happened in 1925
The first time a suggestion was made to reach the top of Mount Logan was in 1922 when a curious geologist approached the Alpine Club of Canada. It wasn’t until a couple of years later though that action was taken.
An international team of experienced climbers (they had to be) from Canada, The United Kingdom, and the United States were assembled to complete this dangerous undertaking.
In 1925, the team of climbers spent 65 days walking to the mountain, climbing it and becoming the first people to reach the top of Mount Logan, descending it, and coming back in one piece.
Since then, numerous other ascents to the top of the mountain have been completed.
11. It was named after the founder of the GSC
The mountain was named after William Edmond Logan (1798 – 1875), a Canadian-born geologist who received his education at Edinburgh University in Scotland, and who became the founder and first director of the Geological Survey of Canada (GSC).
The mountain was named after him 15 years after he passed away in 1890 by I.C. Russell of the U.S. Geological Survey.
12. Canada’s Prime Minister once had a plan to rename the mountain
Former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, the father of Justin Trudeau who became Prime Minister, later on, died in the year 2000. The Prime Minister that succeeded him, Jean Chrétien, who was a good friend of Trudeau, suggested changing the name of the mountain to “Mount Trudeau.”
This didn’t go too well as he received opposition from inhabitants of Yukon, mountaineers, geologists, Trudeau’s political critics, and many other Canadians (which means just about everybody), and the suggestion was quickly shelved.
In order not to completely lose face, Pierre Trudeau eventually got his name attached to a mountain in British Columbia’s Premier Range in June of 2006 and which is now called “Mount Pierre Elliott Trudeau” and which has a height of 2,640 meters (8,661 feet).