Australia is a huge country in Oceania and covers a total area of 7,692,024 square kilometers (2,969,907 square miles). This makes it the 6th-largest country in the world. Regardless, it only has a population of nearly 26 million inhabitants, making it one of the least-populated countries in the world.
The Australian continent is the flattest and oldest inhabited continent in the world. It’s estimated that indigenous people have lived as early as 65,000 years ago, which is quite astonishing.
Today, the country is a mix of diverse natural landscapes which range from vast deserts to tropical rainforests. It’s also home to some of the most sprawling cities globally, which feature some of the most iconic landmarks on the planet.
In this article, you’ll discover some of the best things to do in Australia, attractions you absolutely must put on your bucket list while you’re in the country.
1. Sydney Opera House
If there’s one landmark in the world that defines a city then it’s most certainly the magnificent Sydney Opera House, one of the most famous opera houses in the world. Apart from being the venue of over 1,500 performances every year, the building is also one of the most popular tourist attractions in Australia with an estimated 8 million yearly visitors.
The building features enormous concrete “shells” which give it its distinctive appearance. The structure was built over a period of 14 years between 1959 and 1973 and has since become one of the ultimate symbols of not only Sydney but all of Australia. There are options to either visit the building on special tours or attend a performance of the Opera Australia, the Sydney Theatre Company, the Sydney Symphony Orchestra, or others!
Read more on LIsterious: 12 facts about the Sydney Opera House
Official website: Sydney Opera House
Uluru is a large sandstone rock formation that is also known as “Ayers Rock.” Together with Kata Tjuta, it’s the most iconic attraction of the Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa National Park located in the Northern Territory of Australia. This remarkable rock formation sticks out of the desert landscape and reaches a maximum height of 348 meters (1,142 feet), making it visible from very far away.
Tourism to this fascinating feat of nature started as early as the 1930s and millions of people have visited Uluru ever since. It’s one of Australia’s most iconic natural landmarks and is popular with rock climbers as well. There aren’t any tourist facilities in the immediate vicinity, though, because the area has been part of a reservation, but an airport nearby and perfect roads make this one of the must-see attractions when you visit Australia!
Read more on Listerious: Interesting facts about Uluru
Official website: Uluṟu–Kata Tjuṯa National Park
3. Great Barrier Reef
The Great Barrier Reef is both one of the 7 Underwater Wonders of the World and one of the 7 Wonders of Australia and is the largest coral reef system in the world. This immense reef system consists of 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands and runs a total of 2,300 kilometers (1,400 miles) off the coast of Queensland in the northeast of Australia.
This enormous complex of reefs can be seen from outer space and because the impact from tourism and fishing should be limited, large parts of the reef consist of protected areas. Because it’s so enormous, many parts can be explored. This has made the Great Barrier Reef one of the most popular tourist attractions in the country, especially for people into scuba diving. Boats referred to as “liveaboards” bring tourists back and forth from the mainland to these amazing coral reefs.
Official website: Great Barrier Reef
4. Sydney Tower
Australia is the country home to the most skyscrapers in the world compared to inhabitants in the country. This makes it all the more remarkable that the tallest building in the largest city in the country, Sydney, isn’t a skyscraper but an amazing tower. This fascinating tourist attraction is called the “Sydney Tower” and is easily recognizable due to the distinctive gold-colored pod which features the entertainment facilities and observation deck.
The tallest structure stands 305 meters (1,001 feet) tall and its observation deck referred to as the “Sydney Tower Skywalk” is located at an elevation of 279 meters (915 feet). This means that a visit to the Sydney Tower allows you to get some of the most amazing views of Sydney imaginable. This is especially true at night when you can enjoy the view over a relaxing diner at the revolving restaurant on one of the tower’s top floors!
Read more on Listerious: 10 facts about the Sydney Tower
Official website: Sydney Tower Eye
5. Lake Hillier
Lake Hillier is located on the other side of Australia and is the main attraction of Middle Island, the largest island of the Recherche Archipelago in the Goldfields-Esperance region in the southwest of the country. You’re not dreaming as well because this lake has a bubblegum pink color, making it one of the most fascinating lakes in the world.
It’s not the only pink lake in the world, though, and not even the only pink lake in Australia. Several lakes have a remarkable pink hue due to the presence of an organism called “Dunaliella salina,” algae often found in salt lakes. Lake Hillier is one of the pinkiest in the world though, and the good news is that it’s not dangerous to swim in it as well. Accessing the lake isn’t as easy, though, and the most popular way to explore this wonder of nature in Australia is either by cruise or by airplane.
Read more on Listerious: 8 facts about Lake Hillier
6. Daintree Rainforest
The Daintree Rainforest is an amazing forest in the northeast of Australia that was named after Richard Daintree (1832-1878), an Australian explorer and photographer. It’s located in Queensland and can be found just north of the cities of Mossman and Cairns. The forest covers an area of 1,200 square kilometers (460 square miles) and it’s part of the largest continuous rainforest on the Australian continent.
The most amazing part of this natural attraction in Australia is that it features a combination of dense rainforests which run all the way up to the white sandy beaches. Just offshore of this already remarkable combination we can find amazing reefs as well, a unique combination of natural wonders anywhere in the world. This makes it the perfect place to visit in Australia if you enjoy nature in an extremely rich biodiverse region.
Read more on Listerious: 10 facts about the Daintree Rainforest
Official website: Daintree National Park